Role of Education in Women Empowerment
- Amruta Bhaskar
- Mar 8, 2021
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Education is considered the most important tool for empowering women in society. It is not only limited to developing the personality of an individual but also plays an important role in economic, social and cultural development. The UNESCO put its effort to achieve equal opportunity of education regardless of age, gender, race or any other difference in social and economic status.
The theme for this year being- ‘Women in leadership: Achieving an equal future in the world’, women empowerment is still a far-fetched idea. With only 2.4% of women in a CEO seat at a Fortune 500 company, the women have a vital role. From women being kept away from education to having some revolutionary women in the education sector in India, we have come a long way!
Education plays a critical role in Women's Economic Empowerment. It takes the centre stage, but for a long, most women especially in the rural areas have been denied this right and have been subjected to very degrading practices and responsibilities. Education empowers girls to achieve more in their social, career, economic and family lives. To women, education can mean going to class or being trained on capacity building and skills development or better yet being mentored on very essential aspects of WEE.
A number of studies have revealed that uneducated women have high-level morality, low potential for earning, poor dietary status and little independence in the household. The lack of education also has a drastic effect on the health and well-being of the kids. In India, the infant mortality rate was negatively related to the mother’s educational level. In addition, the absence of education can bring a negative change in the country’s development.
Women’s education is a multi-faceted factor that can be held responsible for the low rate of education among women in India. The factors like social, demographic, political and economic are the backbone of low or high literacy rate. The low acceptance of girls in schools is one of the main reasons, which hurdles in the way of women’s liberation in India. According to reliable sources, 50% of all girls have never been to school. Whereas, two out of ten girls of the age 6 to 11 years have not yet enrolled in schools.
The role of women in the education system can play a big part in society. The factors like cultural, social, political and technological changes in the world have revolutionized the education and social life of women. If schools for female raise human capital, economic growth and productivity as that of male schooling, the women’s disadvantage in education is economically wasteful. Studies have shown that the rate of economic growth from women’s education matches with those from men’s education.
Women empowerment is a pivotal part of any society, state or country. It is a woman who plays a dominant role in the basic life of a child. Women are an important section of our society. Education as a means of empowerment of women can bring about a positive attitudinal change. It is, therefore, crucial for the socioeconomic and political progress of India. The Constitution of India empowers the state to adopt affirmative measures for promoting ways and means to empower women. Education significantly makes difference in the lives of women.
Women Empowerment is a global issue and discussion on women political right are at the forefront of many formal and informal campaigns worldwide. The concept of women empowerment was introduced at the international women conference at NAROIBI in 1985. Education is the milestone of women empowerment because it enables them to respond to the challenges, to confront their traditional role and change their life. Hence, we cannot neglect the importance of education in reference to women empowerment. To see the development in women education India is supposed to the upcoming superpower of the world in recent years. With the increasing change in women education, the empowerment of women has been recognized as the central issue in determining the status of women. For becoming a superpower we have mostly to concentrate upon women’s education. By which it will force women’s empowerment. As per United National Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the term women’s empowerment means:
• Acquiring knowledge and understanding of gender relations and the ways in which these relations maybe changed.
• Developing a sense of self-worth, a belief in one’s ability to secure desired changes and the right to control one’s life.
• Gaining the ability to generate choices exercise bargaining power.
• Developing the ability to organize and influence the direction of social change, to create more just social and economic order, nationally and internationally.
Thus, empowerment means a psychological sense of personal control or influence and concern with actual social influence, political power and legal rights. It is a multi-level construct referring to individuals, organizations and community. It is an international, ongoing process centred in the local community, involving mutual respect, critical reflection, caring and group participation, through which people lacking an equal share of valued resources gain greater access to control over these resources.